Analysing the last decades’ experience, it can be assumed that public health cannot longer neglect prison health. Every society faces prison health problems; the national EU strategies on harm reduction requires developed and inclusive prison policies, prisons being the spaces where inmates require specific assistance more than others. Following the 2009-12 EU/ActionPlan, Madrid Recommendation and the Council of EU Rec.No.R(89)12, REHAB proposes the creation of learning modules, addressed to inmates and staff to reduce public health risks and forward impacts during custody, accommodating inmates needs and rights and promoting responsible behaviours among prison population to:
Address health inequalities and miscommunication in detention institutes;
Keep prison staff motivation alive within job-related stress environment;
Improve health conditions and learning opportunities for rehabilitative activities on vulnerable targets;
Reduce recidivism rates among inmates, through a program of continuity of care.
Understanding how imprisonment sensibly affects the general level of health and how services must properly target inmates assistance in treatments, care and prevention by everyone working in prisons, represents the paramount success of the project.
Providing professional care with the same adherence to ethical behaviours as in other health services, promoting individual needs as part of the entire health-care prison system, providing a whole-prison set of care and well-being measures in custody, represent the core for a successful harm reduction project in prison. Target prison health measures contribute to improve the general rate of health and welfare at society level.